EMS vs DMS what is the Difference?
EMS vs DMS what is the Difference? An energy management system (EMS) balances the sources of energy and the consumption of energy. That is to achieve the lowest cost for the energy sector business. The energy sources can be electricity, water, gas, oil, steam, or renewable energy in the form of distributed generators (DG). The consumption of energy can be industrial, commercial, manufacture, or residential.
An EMS generally puts the user in control of energy consumption through monitoring, billing, and cost allocation. The integrated management software consists of power flow, security assessment, system stability, and system reliability. Furthermore, EMS represents a large collaboration of power distribution control products that connect state-of-the-art devices for communication control.
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It interfaces with communication and intelligent devices such as switchgear and intelligent switching controllers that are connected through an Ethernet network to computer systems equipped with software for collecting and displaying data from the network. A DMS (distribution management system) and an EMS are similar in many ways.
EMS vs DMS similarity:
- Both collect measurements of the state of the system and its power devices remotely at the data collection terminals equipped with
remote terminal units (RTU).
- Both processes present information to operators through a user interface on a video display.
- Both store information for later retrieval and analysis of historic events.
- Both contain analytical functions to help operators interpret the information and analyze future situations.
- Both are typically connected to other computer systems for data sharing and analyzing results.
However, there are fundamental differences between distribution and transmission systems. hence there are also differences between DMS and EMS:
The Difference between EMS vs DMS
- Distribution systems are typically radial (transmission systems are typically network-connected).
- Distribution system devices are located along the length of distribution circuits, often on pole tops: transmission system devices are generally located only at substations.
- The number of locations requiring RTUs in a distribution system is at least an order of magnitude greater than the number of locations in the associated transmission system.
- On a distribution system, most field devices are manually operated; on a transmission system, most field devices can be remotely controlled.
- The amount of data at a given distribution system device location is about an order of magnitude less than that at a transmission system substation.
Energy Management Systems can provide:
- Cost allocation of the generator, etc.
- Demand prediction of loads
- Guide for optimal load shedding
- Online metering of power flows and voltage and angle of different buses, lines, and interregional transfers
- Meter system parameters such as power quality, power factor, and system voltage sag conditions
- Protection control and relay settings EMS has been developed over the years as a branch of the control center, which comes on a scaled platform. EMS further encompasses supervision and control of power plants and high to medium voltage levels.
Finally, the most important thing that we need to take care of is how to get the optimum result for the distributed energy management system. Within a good management system, the result will get the optimum state in order to give more benefit to the Grid. While it is very important when it comes to the Smart Grid atmosphere supporting the people with good electricity for optimum productivity. The issues for the sources of energy will always surprise our imagination about how to get a better life quality almost every time.